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Variegated alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. nothosubsp. varia (Martyn) Arcang.)
Federal State Scientific Institution Ural Federal Agricultural Research Centre of Ural division of the Russian Academy of Sciences
The variety has been developed by creation of complex-hybrid populations on the basis of 17 self-fertile lines.
Varietal type
Сорт выведен методом создания сложногибридных популяций на основе 17 самофертильных линии
Maximum yield in production:
57 t/hа (green mass)
12.8 t/hа (dry matter)
State Register
Central, Volga-Vyatka, Ural, Western and Eastern Siberian regions
Development features
The plant is half‑erect, of medium height. The leaves are dark green. The species is characterised by high environmental plasticity and good regrowth in spring and after cuts. It is more winter hardy than purple alfalfa, thus more promising for areas with extreme climatic conditions. The crop is high in protein and fiber, which vary from 17.9 up to 21.6% and from 22.0 up to 27.5%, correspondingly.
Planting time
Early spring seeding, without cover crops.
Vegetation period
The time from the beginning of growth until the first cut is from 50 to 58 days, until seed maturity — from 94 up to 104 days.
Seeding rate (viable seed/m2 )
For seed production, wide‑row planting is recommended: 1.5‑2.0 million pcs/hа.
For green forage: seeding in rows without a cover crop — 18‑20 kg/ha
Agrophone
Alfalfa poorly tolerates acidic soils with РН < 5,5. It is seeded after cereals. Particular attention needs to be paid to preparing a level surface before the seeding. For this purpose, extra rolling with packer wheels is recommended following seeding, which will enhance emergence. Upon seeding, up to 120 kg/ha of phosphorus and potassium fertiliser may be applied
Disease resistance
High verticillium wilt resistance. The stand was slightly affected by brown rust and alfalfa weevil.
Crop protection
Pre‑sowing seed treatment against root rots and timely application of insecticides against pests
Intended use
Forage, haylage.
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